God has entrusted the immune system with the property of protecting the human body from the attack of various germs, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, and other organisms that can cause diseases, and in fact, the immune system consists of many tissues, organs, and different cells, such as white blood cells Which are transmitted through the blood vessels and lymph, as white blood cells are stored in a number of body organs, such as the thymus gland (in English: Thymus), the spleen, the bone marrow, and the lymph nodes, and it can be said that white blood cells are classified into two main types: Phagocytes and lymphocytes. It is worth noting that the body’s immunity varies from person to person, and in fact, the strength of immunity increases with age and reaches its highest levels in adulthood, or adulthood, where The experience of the immune system and its ability to resist these pathogens increases every time the body is exposed to them.
How to strengthen the immune system against diseases
General advice :
There are a number of tips that can be followed to help strengthen the immune system against diseases, including the following:
- Sleeping long enough and controlling stress: Sleep deprivation and excessive stress can lead to an increase in the concentration of the hormone cortisol in the body, which in turn contributes to inhibiting the action The immune system in the event of an increase in the level of the hormone in the body for long periods.
- Avoid smoking: As smoking weakens the immune system and increases the risk of exposure to airway inflammation and pneumonia in all age groups, it also increases the risk of middle ear infection in children.
- Avoid drinking alcohol: Drinking alcohol can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of a respiratory infection.
- A healthy diet: Be sure to eat sufficient quantities of vegetables, fruits, grains, and nuts within meals to obtain the nutrients necessary for the proper functioning of the immune system.
- Taking probiotics: Because of their importance in reducing the risk of exposure to infection in the digestive or respiratory system.
- Exposure to sunlight: Exposure to sunlight stimulates the production of vitamin D, which in turn helps to enhance the work of the immune system and prevent some types of infections and diseases.
- Herbal supplements: Some types of nutritional supplements that contain specific types of herbs that boost the immune system can be used, especially if a person suffers from frequent infections, and examples of these herbs are Asian ginseng, American ginseng, and purple echinacea.