Fats, carbohydrates, and proteins are nutrients that provide energy to our body to function and perform physical tasks. Our body also needs other nutrients: fluids, vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber to function to the best of its ability.
Fats are nutrients that bring a lot of energy. They contain essential fatty acids such as omega 3 and omega 6 and are a source of fat-soluble vitamins.
The fats are divided into:
unsaturated fats, generally of plant origin; and
saturated fats, generally of animal origin.
Excessive consumption of fat can lead to overweight, increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, as well as back and joint problems.
Carbohydrates are the main energy providers of our bodies.
Must be distinguished :
complex carbohydrates, rich in dietary fiber, vitamins and minerals; and
simple carbohydrates (sugars).
Simple carbohydrates are subdivided into naturally occurring sugars into foods and added sugars.
Proteins have a function of the constitution and protection of our organism.
Liquids are essential for our body. This point must be emphasized.
Vitamins, minerals and dietary fiber strengthen our defenses against the disease and ensure the overall functioning of our body.